How to grow zfs on FreeBSD running inside VMWare

Live ZFS resizing inside VMWare should be possible, but there are several steps:

– First you should resize your virtual disk in VMWare configuration. Recomendation is all virtual disks to be similar size for best performance in VMWare.
– Ideally VMWare should notify guest OS that resize happened. You should be able to see that with `diskinfo -v /dev/daX` command. If it didn’t happen – you’ll probably need to reboot at this point.

root@:~ # gpart show
=> 34 335544253 da0 GPT (160G)
34 1024 1 freebsd-boot (512K)
1058 4194304 2 freebsd-swap (2.0G)
4195362 331348925 3 freebsd-zfs (158G)

=> 34 335544253 da1 GPT (160G)
34 1048576 1 freebsd-boot (512M)
1048610 4194304 2 freebsd-swap (2.0G)
5242914 330301373 3 freebsd-zfs (157G)

=> 34 356515773 da2 GPT (170G)
34 1048576 1 freebsd-boot (512M)
1048610 4194304 2 freebsd-swap (2.0G)
5242914 351272893 3 freebsd-zfs (167G)

The new space will appear visible after partition 3 on each disk.

– Next you should resize your partition with `gpart resize …`. Hope it is the past one, otherwise this problem may have no easy solution. It should be doable for mounted filesystem. In my example commands are:

gpart resize -i 3 da0
gpart resize -i 3 da1
gpart resize -i 3 da2

– Next you should make ZFS to resize with `zpool online -e …`.
See output of `zpool status` command:

root@:~ # zpool status
pool: zroot
state: ONLINE
scan: scrub repaired 0 in 1h6m with 0 errors on Fri May 18 19:56:44 2018

zroot ONLINE 0 0 0
gpt/zfs0 ONLINE 0 0 0
gpt/zfs1 ONLINE 0 0 0
gpt/zfs2 ONLINE 0 0 0

errors: No known data errors

So in the example you must execute following commands:

zpool online -e zroot gpt/zfs0
zpool online -e zroot gpt/zfs1
zpool online -e zroot gpt/zfs2

It’s good to execute `zpool scrub zroot`.

DualStack/tcp46 web and mail server

You can verify it via commands

dig AAAA


curl -6

IPv6 Certification Badge for jostreff


It’s funny to see that in ipv6 worlds my site is 6 hop away. In ipv4 it’s 7 hops away.


Jordan-Ostreffs-MBP:~ jostreff$ traceroute6
traceroute6 to (2001:470:1f0a:1830::2) from 2001:470:1f15:1303:31ca:10e:17ec:fdd8, 64 hops max, 12 byte packets
1 2001:470:1f15:1303:ba8d:12ff:fe5b:1ff0 1.168 ms 1.502 ms 0.762 ms
2 37.673 ms 36.499 ms 36.333 ms
3 35.521 ms 33.730 ms 51.334 ms
4 44.787 ms 37.329 ms 41.756 ms
5 42.740 ms 42.329 ms 43.809 ms
6 75.220 ms 72.095 ms 72.247 ms

Jordan-Ostreffs-MBP:~ jostreff$ traceroute
traceroute to (, 64 hops max, 52 byte packets
1 ( 1.455 ms 0.874 ms 0.847 ms
2 ( 2.043 ms 1.629 ms 1.429 ms
3 ( 7.621 ms 8.028 ms 7.951 ms
4 ( 13.347 ms 11.934 ms 10.202 ms
5 * * *
6 ( 13.115 ms 9.090 ms 8.943 ms
7 ( 9.356 ms 9.351 ms 9.125 ms

Next task to build dualstack tcp46 mail system.

Already passed also ipv6 enabled mail system.

Network weathermap plugin for Cacti 1.0

Следвайки инструкциите на е възможно да имате отново работещ weathermap в Cacti 1.x. Все още има какво да се корегира по кода, но основната функционалност като визуализиране (без clickable maps) на weathermap и тяхното редактиране работят.

Ключови моменти на които трябва да обърнете внимание (quick & durty method for install):

cd /usr/local/share/cacti/plugins
tar zcvvf weathermap-backup.tgz weathermap/* && rm -rf weathermap
git clone
mv network-weathermap weathermap
cd weathermap
npm install -g bower
fetch -o composer-setup.phar
php composer-setup.php –install-dir=bin –filename=composer
bower install —allow-root
composer update –no-dev

Върнете съдържанието на вашата директория ./configs/*.conf от архива който сте направили ( в примера по горе наречен weathermap-backup.tgz ).

tar xvf weathermap-backup.tgz weathermap/configs/*.conf

След това може да достъпите уеб интерфейсът на вашата cacti инсталация и да инсталирате и активирате отново weathermap plugin от settings.

Благодаря на автора Howard Jones за съветите във форума на проекта!

Друг интересен проект на същият автор е

Quick way to upgrade from PHP5.6 to PHP7.2 on FreeBSD

There are many reasons why anyone will need to switch to PHP 7.2 his machine – here, here, here and many more PoC …

Use script like attached bellow:

for FILE in `pkg info | grep php56 | cut -f1 -d’ ‘` ; do
PKGNAME=`pkg info „$FILE“ | grep ‘Origin’ | cut -f2 -d’:’` ;
NEWPKGNAME=“${PKGNAME//php56/php72}“ ;
echo „Replacing port $FILE with $NEWPKGNAME“ ;
portmaster -o „$NEWPKGNAME $FILE“ ;
portmaster pecl\*
portmaster pear\*

Next you should check that everything from dynamic libraries is correctly linked with command „php -v“.

Hints for some “missing“ packages:

portmaster -o devel/php72-intl pecl-intl-3.0.0_12
portmaster -o security/pecl-mcrypt php56-mcrypt-5.6.34

Using Hurricane Electric free DNS service for slaves

So apart from setting ns[2345] as your DNS servers at your registrar and adding a slave at you need to do the following:

  1. Allow transfer AXFR to Server that pulls zones is, not
  2. Remove from allow transfer ACLs if it was there.
  3. Set the server to send NOTIFY’s to Yes, to ns1, not to doesn’t listen for any DNS requests including NOTIFY’s.

BIND example

The NOTIFY part is a bit tricky, so here’s an example from my setup.

Creating an ACL for

At the top level of named.conf:

acl he-slaves
{; // IPv4
2001:470:600::2; // IPv6

Basic zone setup

zone "" in
type master;
file "data/";

Notification setup

Add this to the zone:

notify explicit;

So the zone looks like:

zone "" in
type master;

notify explicit;
{; //

file "data/";

PowerDNS 4 example

execute this commands on PowerDNS machine

pdnsutil set-meta ALLOW-AXFR-FROM AUTO-NS
pdnsutil set-meta ALSO-NOTIFY

The result can be checked via:

pdnsutil get-meta

Suppress warning messages using mysql from within Terminal, but password written in shell script

Here’s how I got my bash script for my daily mysqldump database backups to work more securely.
1. First use mysql_config_editor (comes with mysql 5.6+) to set up the encrypted password file. Suppose your username is „db_user“. Running from the shell prompt:

mysql_config_editor set –login-path=local –host=localhost –user=db_user –password

It prompts for the password. Once you enter it, the user/pass are saved encrypted. Of course, change „system_username“ to your username on the server.

2. Change your shell script from this:

mysqldump -u db_user -pInsecurePassword my_database | gzip > db_backup.tar.gz

to this:

mysqldump –login-path=local my_database | gzip > db_backup.tar.gz

No more exposed passwords.

Samba 4 config example

# Samba 4 config example
# Connected to existing remote Samba 4 Active Directory Directory Controller

# ZFS pool @ /storage
# Network is
# Samba is installed with:
# pkg install samba42
# and then joined to existing AD with:
# samba-tool domain join <params
# After this /usr/local/etc/smb4.conf is edited and restarted with /usr/local/etc/rc.d/samba_server restart
# Global parameters
server string = Samba Server
hosts allow = 192.168.101.
load printers = no
max log size = 50
# Add aio_load=“YES“ FreeBSD’s /etc/rc.conf
aio read size = 16384
aio write size = 16384
aio write behind = true
use sendfile = true
read raw = true
min receivefile size = 16384
interfaces =
dns proxy = no
# These files are never saved
veto files = /Thumbs.db/.DS_Store/._.DS_Store/.apdisk/
delete veto files = yes
workgroup = HOME
realm = home.lan
netbios name = STORAGE
server role = active directory domain controller

path = /var/db/samba4/sysvol/home.lan/scripts
read only = No

path = /var/db/samba4/sysvol
read only = No

# ZFS pool
path = /storage
force directory mode = 0666
force create mode = 0666
create mask = 0666
directory mask = 0666
read only = no
public = no
writable = yes
vfs objects = zfsacl
nfs4:mode = special
nfs4:acedup = merge
nfs4:chown= yes
vfs object = recycle
# Remove deleted files to recycle bin directory with username and timestamp
recycle:repository = /storage/recyclebin/%U/%T
recycle:keeptree = Yes
recycle:touch = Yes
recycle:versions = Yes
recycle:directory_mode = 0666
recycle:subdir_mode = 0666
nt acl support = yes
inherit acls = no
map acl inherit = yes

How to support full unicode in MySQL database and fixup seeing weird characters on your WordPress blog

Change mysql settings ( my.cnf ) using manual from

Fix your wordpress installation existing posts using ideas from this blog – For some  strange reasons old unpublished drafts on my blog written in cyrillic are broken!

If you have owncloud server installed, migrate all data and functionality to nextcloud. Now my personal cloud works under php 7.1 also.

Now site has almost everything up and running.

Still waiting for weathermap plugin to support cacti 1.0 plugin architecture!



В момента над 50% от уеб трафикът използва защитени HTTPS връзки към уеб сървърите. Как да защитите и вашият собствен сайт и как да настроите вашият  уеб сървър, така че да имате висока степен на защитеност може да Ви помогне

В кръга на шегата, това което ме изуми е резултатът на някой институции в .gov домейна ….